Background Information on Database
The aim of the second phase of the healthPROelderly project was to collect models of good practice in the area of health promotion for older people. One of the main activities in this project phase was to elicit criteria by which to choose such models in each of the participating countries. The exclusion criteria andinclusion criteria were elicited by all project partners on the basis of the literature overview of health promotion for older people in each of the participating countries and were finalized at a partner meeting and through email communication. Project partners searched for models in their countries:
- by using the literature databases they collected in the first phase of the project
- by using health promotion databases and other information available on internet
- by consulting their national boards and other experts.
After the search process, partners were provided with a checklist including the elicited exclusion and inclusion criteria for ranking and choosing which models to enter in the database. For more information you candownload the "long report"
Three types of models were considered within the database
- Evidence-based, established models on health promotion for older people
- Innovative projects on health promotion for older people
- Projects addressing a broader theme, which shows very interesting lessons to be learned for health promotion of older people (e.g. side-effects on health promotion)
All the criteria that the model fulfilled are indicated in the individual descriptions. Apart from that, those criteria that were rated the highest for each model are described briefly.
- Multi-agency approach
More than one type of professional, governmental, non-governmental agency is involved with the project/programme.
The model has been evaluated in some form, either in a multi- or single-method format. That means there are evidence-based results concerning the process and/or outcome of the model. Quality management methods which produce such results can also be considered.
- Multi-faceted, holistic
The project seeks to tackle more than one health promotion issue and intervenes in terms of both bio-medical and psycho-social factors.
The project displays a proven capacity for long-term implementation due to the continuing availability of social and economic resources as well as the enduring effectiveness of the project. And /or: it is or will be implemented within mainstream health policy for older people.
- Voice of older people
The model shows an active involvement of older people in at least one of five areas: participation, involvement in project design, responding to older people's feed back in project design, feed back, contribution to the model (volunteers, project designers, project monitoring, management), as multiplicators and trainers.
- Involving visible and invisible target groups
The project is successful at involving visible (older people in general) and invisible (ethnic groups, social isolated, low socio economic, cognitive impairment) members of the older population.
The project addresses diversity and inequality in terms of gender, age, ethnic background, social-economic differences and thus is capable of dealing with issues of social accessibility, cultural differences in communication and financial hardship.
- Geographical and physical accessibility
The project addresses issues of transport and infrastructure in order to be accessible to those living in remote areas or who are frail/physically impaired.
- Well-grounded theoretical approach
The project methodology is based on a recognised theoretical framework which has been rigourously applied.
- Gender sensitivity
The project recognises the importance of gender in affecting health and addresses this issue actively.
- Cost effectiveness
The project demonstrates cost effectiveness, health, social and economic gains for government on a local, regional and/or national level.
- Projects that include empowerment
The project addresses issues surrounding independence, autonomy, knowledge-promotion, self-esteem, dignity and/or motivation of the target groups.
There is evidence that the project was successfully transferred, or at least displays the potential for transferability to another health, social care setting and/or another region or country.
- Consumer satisfaction
The project is positively perceived by consumers in its ability due to meet their needs.
- Public recognition/award
The project has achieved public recognition as indicated through receipt of awards or being widely publicised in recognised journals. Information regarding the project was widely disseminated and has reached the various target groups.
- Innovative strategy
The project uses innovative strategies for encouraging behavioural change through an understanding of interactions within an environment, rather than simply offering health education.
exclusion criteria for models
Models were excluded, that:
- did not deal with health promotion
- were not implemented into practice
- were not in the partners’ own country
- did not target older people 50+ explicitly
- had finished before 1996
- included activities running under 6 months
- did not allow for access to adequate information
- had no clear responsible agency or person